The United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) is a United States military monument sited at the entrance to Arlington National Cemetery. The memorial is dedicated to all personnel of the United States Marine Corps who have died in the defense of the United States since 1775. The memorial features the statues of the six servicemen who raised the second U.S. flag on Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II, on February 23, 1945, five Marines and one Navy corpsman: Sergeant Michael Strank, Corporal Harlon Block, Private First Class Rene Gagnon, Private First Class Ira Hayes, Private First Class Franklin Sousley, and Pharmacist Mate Second Class John Bradley (USN).
The Lincoln Memorial was opened on Memorial Day in 1922, 57 years after Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated.
The immense Greek Temple stands in front of a gleaming reflecting pool and is a stunning spectacle during the day and especially at night. The sculpture of Lincoln sitting inside is 19-feet tall and inscriptions related to his Presidency along with his Gettysburg Address adorn the walls that surround him. An exquisite mural of an angel of truth freeing a slave, along with other depictions inside the memorial, are reminders of the significant changes with which Lincoln is credited. A place of inspiration and a symbol of the distinction of this extraordinary President, the Lincoln Memorial is one of the most visited sites in the area. It is also used as a gathering place for political rallies including the March of Washington in 1963, when Martin Luther King delivered his famous, “I have a dream” speech
Often referred to as the wall that heals, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial beckons visitors of all ages, races and nationalities. It was created to honor and remember the men and women who served in the Vietnam War and to help our country heal after the controversial, emotional conflict ended. The enormous black wall lists 58,209 names of those who are missing or were killed during the war. Every day, people from all walks of life come to search the wall for the name of a loved one, friend, fellow soldier or simply to take a moment to think and reflect. It’s not uncommon for folks to leave flowers, gifts, medals, notes, cards and other items next to the wall and many of these items are brought to the Museum of American History. Also part of the memorial is the Vietnam Women’s Memorial that honors the women—both enlisted and civilian, who gave their service to our country during that time. A sculpture of three-young soldiers also sits nearby—an ever-present reminder of the young people who went to Vietnam to fulfill their patriotic duty.
To remember those who fought in the Korean War, the United States Congress approved a Korean War Memorial to be
constructed in the National Mall. The memorial has several interesting aspects to it including the “Field Of Service” which has 19, larger-than-life-size stainless steel statues of servicemen from all four of the armed forces. The men appear to be a squad on patrol and are dressed in full combat gear. A granite wall right next to the field features sandblasted images of soldiers in the war on one side and the names of the countries that provided medical support, troops or other aid to South Korea on the other side. The pool of remembrance is especially moving with inscriptions that list the total number of those who were lost, killed, missing in action and held as prisoners of war. The simple message “Freedom is Not Free” is inscribed on a plaque and conveys the message of the true cost of war.
Consisting of 56 pillars and a pair of small triumphal arches surrounding a plaza and fountain, it sits on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on the former site of the Rainbow Pool at the eastern end of the Reflecting Pool, between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument.Opened on April 29, 2004, it was dedicated by President George W. Bush on May 29. The memorial is administered by the National Park Service under its National Mall and Memorial Parks group. As of 2009, more than 4.4 million people visit the memorial each year.
The Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C. is one of the most popular attraction in the capital.
The dome-shaped rotunda that honors our third president, Thomas Jefferson, houses a 19-foot bronze statue of Jefferson surrounded by excerpts from the Declaration of Independence and other writings by Jefferson. From the steps of the memorial, one can easily see the White House
The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial is a presidential memorial in Washington D.C. dedicated to the memory of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and to the era he represents. For the memorial’s designer, landscape architect Lawrence Halprin, the memorial site represents the capstone of a distinguished career, partly because the landscape architect had fond memories of Roosevelt, and partly because of the sheer difficulty of the task.
through a sequence of four outdoor rooms, one for each of FDR’s terms of office. Sculptures inspired by photographs depict the 32nd president alongside his dog, Fala. Other sculptures depict scenes from the Great Depression, such as listening to a fireside chat on the radio and waiting in a bread line, a bronze sculpture by George Segal. A bronze statue of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt standing before the United Nations emblem honors her dedication to the UN. It is the only presidential memorial to depict a First Lady.
Considering Roosevelt’s disability, the memorial’s designers intended to create a memorial that would be accessible to those with various physical impairments. Among other features, the memorial includes an area with tactile reliefs with braille writing for people who are blind.
The Arlington National Cemetery is visited by 4 million people each year. Some visit out of respect for America’s fallen war heroes, others come to see the final resting place of the 300,000 people who gave their life to serve their country and many more come to say goodbye to a loved one or friend.
*Please note that The Arlington National Cemetery Shuttle included with your trolley ticket drops you off at the Cemetery only.
If you would like to enjoy a tour of the Arlington National Cemetery grounds aboard one of our trolleys, a separate ticket is required. There is no admission fee to tour grounds by foot.
The Pentagon — located across the river from Washington, D.C. in Arlington, Virginia —
is more than a power center assigned to the defense of the nation. It’s a small city in itself. About 23,000 military and civilian employees work here, walking 17.5 miles of corridors, drinking 4,500 cups of coffee, and making more than 200,000 telephone calls. The World War II-era building is one of the world’s largest, with three times the floor space of the Empire State Building.
Washington Monument – The most prominent and recognizable figure in Washington D. C. ,
the Washington Monument, is a 55 foot marble obelisk that honors the nation’s founding father, George Washington. Washington led the Continental Army to victory and then went on to become the nation’s first President.
The Smithsonian Institute is the most widely visible part of the United States’ Smithsonian Institution and consist of nineteen museums and galleries as well as the National Zoological Park. Seventeen
of these collections are located in Washington D.C., with eleven of those located on the National Mall. The Smithsonian Institution Building (also known as “The Castle”) was completed in 1855 to house an art gallery, a library, a chemical laboratory, lecture halls, museum galleries, and offices. During this time the Smithsonian was a learning institution concerned mainly with enhancing science and less interested in being a museum. Under the second secretary, Spencer Fullerton Baird, the Smithsonian turned into a full-fledged museum, mostly through the acquisition of 60 boxcars worth of displays from the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The income from the exhibition of these artifacts allowed for the construction of the National Museum, which is now known as the Arts and Industries Building. This structure was opened in 1881 to provide the Smithsonian with its first proper facility for public display of the growing collections.
U.S. Capitol – The Senate and House of Representatives have been meeting in the U.S. Capitol for more than two centuries! Today, the Capitol is one of the most architecturally remarkable and symbolically significant buildings in the entire world. Since 1973 the Capitol has been built, burnt, rebuilt, extended and restored.
At an astounding 58,000 square feet, the Visitor Center in the U.S. Capitol is the largest project in the Capitol’s entire history. The entire facility is located underground on the east side of the Capitol so as not to detract from the appearance of the Capitol and the grounds designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1874
The Supreme Court is the highest tribunal in the nation for all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution or the laws of the United States. The Court stands as the final arbiter of the law and guardian of constitutional liberties. Its charge, emblazoned over the doors of this building, is to ensure “Equal Justice Under Law.” The Supreme Court is “distinctly American in concept and function,” as Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes observed.
Few other courts in the world have the same authority of constitutional interpretation and none have exercised it for as long or with as much influence. This building, majestic in size and rich in ornamentation, serves as both home to the Court and the manifest symbol of its importance as a coequal, independent branch of government.
The National Archives Building, known informally as Archives I, is the original headquarters of the National Archives and Records Administration. It holds the original copies of the three main formative documents of the United States and its government: the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. It also hosts an original version of the 1297 Magna Carta confirmed by Edward I. These are displayed to the public in the main chamber of the National Archives, which is called the Rotunda for the Charters of Freedom.
The National Archives Building also exhibits other important American historical documents such as the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, the Emancipation Proclamation and collections of photography and other historically and culturally significant American artifacts.
Ford’s Theatre is a historic theatre in Washington, D.C., used for various stage performances beginning in the 1860s. It is also the site of the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865.
After being shot, the fatally wounded president was carried across the street to the Petersen House, where he died the next The theatre was later used as a warehouse and office building, and in 1893 part of it collapsed, causing 22 deaths. It was renovated and re-opened as a theatre in 1968. During the 2000s it was renovated again, opening on February 12, 2009, in commemoration of Lincoln’s bicentennial. A related “Center for Education and Leadership” museum experience opened February 12, 2012 next to Petersen House.
The J. Edgar Hoover Building (also simply known as the FBI Building) is the headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It was named in honor of FBI founder J. Edgar Hoover. The building was finished in 1974 and built on the site of the original FBI building.
The J. Edgar Hoover Building has 2,800,876 square feet of internal space, numerous amenities, and a special, secure system of elevators and corridors to keep public tours separate from the rest of the building. The building has three floors below-ground, and an underground parking garage. The structure is eight stories high on the Pennsylvania Avenue NW
. The exterior is buff-colored precast and cast-in-place concrete with repetitive, square, bronze-tinted windows set deep in concrete frames. side, and 11 stories high on the E Street NW side. Two wings connect the two main buildings, forming an open-air, trapezoidal courtyard
Embassy Row is the informal name for the section of Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. between Scott Circle and the North side of the United States Naval Observatory, in which embassies, diplomatic missions, and other diplomatic representations are concentrated.
Considered Washington’s premier residential address in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Massachusetts Avenue became known for its numerous mansions housing the city’s social and political elites. The segment between Scott Circle and Sheridan Circle gained the nickname “Millionaires’ Row“.
The Watergate complex is a group of five buildings next to the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in the United States. Covering a total of 10 acres, the buildings include:
- Watergate West (2700 Virginia Avenue NW), cooperative apartments
- Watergate Hotel and Office Building (2600 Virginia Avenue NW), offices and a hotel at 2650 Virginia Avenue NW
- Watergate East (2500 Virginia Avenue NW), cooperative apartments
- Watergate South (700 New Hampshire Avenue NW), cooperative apartments
- Watergate Office Building (600 New Hampshire Avenue NW), offices
Built between 1963 and 1971, the Watergate is considered one of Washington’s most desirable living spaces, popular with members of Congress and political appointees in the executive branch. The complex has been sold several times since the 1980s. In the 1990s, it was split up and its component buildings and parts of buildings were sold to various owners.
In 1972, the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, then located on the sixth floor of the Watergate Hotel and Office Building, were burglarized, documents were photographed, and telephones were wiretapped. The investigation into the burglary revealed that high officials in the Nixon administration had ordered the break-in and then tried to cover up their involvement. Additional crimes were also uncovered. The ensuing Watergate Scandal, named for the complex, led to Nixon’s resignation on August 9, 1974. The name “Watergate” and the suffix “-gate” have since become synonymous with political scandals in the United States and in other English- and non-English-speaking nations as well.
Visitors from around the world come to Washington DC to tour The White House, the home and office of the U.S. President. Built between 1792 and 1800, the White House is one of the oldest public buildings in the nation’s capital and serves as a museum of American history.
George Washington selected the site for the White House in 1791 and chose the design submitted by Irish-born architect James Hoban. The historic structure has been expanded and renovated many times throughout history. There are 132 rooms on 6 levels. The decor includes a collection of fine and decorative arts, such as historic paintings, sculpture, furniture, and china.